Gather what you need First gather your tools and equipment. You will need a power drill eye protection work gloves and a blade sharpening kit. The kit should come with a ceramic blade sharpener and balancer. Expect to pay about $8 for the kit at your local hardware store. You will also need a torque wrench (or a socket wrench in a pinch) and a wooden block. Consider having a rubber mallet on hand too.
Place a drip pan or other container on the side of the mower with the filler. Carefully tilt the mower so oil drains out and into the pan. Discard the spent oil into a proper disposal vessel. Now slowly pour fresh oil into the mower. For the specific type of oil you need check your instruction manual. Make sure to add only as much as your particular model requires. Remember to let the mower sit undisturbed for a few minutes so the oil settles properly inside the engine.
With the mower still on its side grab your socket wrench and wood block. Place the block inside the blade well. This is to prevent the blades from turning while you loosen their bolts. Remove the blade mounting bolt/bolts. A typical mower will have one blade like the Craftsman 37700 I serviced for this guide (one mounting bolt). Some like my Honda HRR216VKA have two blades an upper and a lower (two mounting bolts). Each blade should have at least two cutting edges.