Gather what you need First gather your tools and equipment. You will need a power drill eye protection work gloves and a blade sharpening kit. The kit should come with a ceramic blade sharpener and balancer. Expect to pay about $8 for the kit at your local hardware store. You will also need a torque wrench (or a socket wrench in a pinch) and a wooden block. Consider having a rubber mallet on hand too.
Next you will change the oil. To lower oil viscosity and get it moving freely run the engine for a few minutes. Now shut the engine off and roll the mower onto a piece of cardboard or drop cloth. Close the fuel line (if your mower has one) and unhook the spark plug as before. Find the oil filler tube and remove its cap. Often the cap also functions as a dipstick.
I know that many people prefer to hose their mowers down with a garden hose. I admit I have done it. Still doing that is risky. If water gets into the wiring air filter or engine you could really do some damage. Hand washing with damp rag is a drag but also your safest bet.