Next you will change the oil. To lower oil viscosity and get it moving freely run the engine for a few minutes. Now shut the engine off and roll the mower onto a piece of cardboard or drop cloth. Close the fuel line (if your mower has one) and unhook the spark plug as before. Find the oil filler tube and remove its cap. Often the cap also functions as a dipstick.
Other items and supplies include a plastic drip tray motor oil and a container for waste oil. Often a large piece of cardboard is useful as well an old rag or cloth. Also know that this guide deals with push or self-propelled mowers not riding mowers. While some advice here applies they are another animal altogether.
With the mower still on its side grab your socket wrench and wood block. Place the block inside the blade well. This is to prevent the blades from turning while you loosen their bolts. Remove the blade mounting bolt/bolts. A typical mower will have one blade like the Craftsman 37700 I serviced for this guide (one mounting bolt). Some like my Honda HRR216VKA have two blades an upper and a lower (two mounting bolts). Each blade should have at least two cutting edges.