Gather what you need First gather your tools and equipment. You will need a power drill eye protection work gloves and a blade sharpening kit. The kit should come with a ceramic blade sharpener and balancer. Expect to pay about $8 for the kit at your local hardware store. You will also need a torque wrench (or a socket wrench in a pinch) and a wooden block. Consider having a rubber mallet on hand too.
Next you will change the oil. To lower oil viscosity and get it moving freely run the engine for a few minutes. Now shut the engine off and roll the mower onto a piece of cardboard or drop cloth. Close the fuel line (if your mower has one) and unhook the spark plug as before. Find the oil filler tube and remove its cap. Often the cap also functions as a dipstick.
With the mower still on its side grab your socket wrench and wood block. Place the block inside the blade well. This is to prevent the blades from turning while you loosen their bolts. Remove the blade mounting bolt/bolts. A typical mower will have one blade like the Craftsman 37700 I serviced for this guide (one mounting bolt). Some like my Honda HRR216VKA have two blades an upper and a lower (two mounting bolts). Each blade should have at least two cutting edges.